As we discussed in our Bulletin at the end of August, the recent pullback in equity markets is no great surprise. Moreover, ‘buying the dip’, which we also mentioned, continues to make these mini-corrections relatively short lived. That said, equity markets may be on the point of moving into a more skittish phase as investors try to second guess the outcome of the US election as well as the impact of a possible COVID-19 vaccine. The extent to which governments and central banks continue with their financial support for economies over the Autumn will also have a bearing on market sentiment. For the time being, the hope of a strong economic rebound in 2021 accompanied by generous liquidity conditions make it too early, in our view, to give up on risk assets.
Following their stellar August performance, US equities fell over the fortnight, led by declines in large technology stocks. The NASDAQ fell sharply owing to heavy profit taking in many large technology-enabled companies, disappointing Purchasing Managers’ Index figures and the unwinding of derivative positions, leaving it down almost 10% by 11 September from its peak nine days earlier. The S&P 500 also declined for the second week in a row and was left down 6.7% from the highs earlier in the month. The sell-off spread to global markets amid a momentary rotation out of secular growth, momentum and quality areas, although it is too early to assess whether this change in sentiment marks a ceiling for growth valuations and the beginning of a longer-lasting rotation into ‘value‘ stocks. Ultimately, the rout did not accelerate and recent headlines on a flurry of merger and acquisition activity in the US have led to the indices recovering part of the recent fall.
Only partially affected by the turmoil across the Atlantic, stocks in Europe rose despite disappointment that the European Central Bank (ECB) did not announce additional monetary stimulus, as well as renewed fears of a hard Brexit (more on which below). European stocks, being more cyclically oriented, are still down this year and are playing catch-up with their US peers. The UK’s FTSE 100 Index, however, managed to gain 2% over the fortnight, benefitting from yet another fall in sterling: Large UK stocks tend to profit when the pound falls as many corporations in the index are multinationals that generate substantial overseas revenues.
Energy stocks suffered as US onshore oil prices sank below $40 per barrel for the first time since July this year, fuelled by Saudi Arabia cutting prices of shipments to several Asian countries. Gold remained mostly flat over the fortnight, having seemingly stabilised around its current price level of around $1970.
Brexit made a fierce comeback to the headlines with the government introducing its new Internal Market Bill, which seeks to prevent trade disruption amongst the four nations of the UK under a no-deal scenario with the EU. On 14 September, the bill won its initial vote in Parliament, however not without its fair share of controversy. Senior government officials from both the UK and the EU have concluded that the bill in its current shape (if passed into law) would overrule parts of the signed Withdrawal Agreement, and therefore violate international law. The prospect of the UK reneging on its previous commitments in such fashion sent shockwaves across diplomatic circles and now threatens to disrupt final negotiations due to resume this week. Prime Minister Boris Johnson has said that the government is simply seeking to protect the integrity of the UK, while at the same time making it clear that both sides should start preparing for a no-deal scenario should a trade deal not be agreed upon by 15 October.
In the wake of Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe’s resignation, the government has appointed Yoshihide Suga, government chief spokesman for the past seven years and son of a strawberry farmer, to lead the ruling party going forward and this virtually assures him the position of Prime Minister. The consensus view is that monetary and fiscal policies will be little changed under Suga as his views are closely aligned with those of his predecessor Abe. His key policies are likely to include a swathe of strategic reforms to revitalise Japan through continuing deregulation, public sector digitalisation and boosts to administrative efficiency.
Looking ahead towards the last quarter of this year, investor attention will switch its focus to the upcoming US election in November. Opinion polls still point to a likely victory for Democratic candidate, Joe Biden, but the betting odds have narrowed to almost evens and no one can rule out another win for the current President. This year’s election will be unique in the sense that on-going disruption from COVID-19 is forcing many Americans to vote via post for the first time. Trump loudly voiced his criticism of the system by publicly asking all Americans to vote this way, then subsequently turn up at their local polling station on election day in order to test that safeguards to avoid double-voting are in place and functioning. It is possible that we will face a long and chaotic period, perhaps lasting weeks, during which the results are counted and both candidates may try to claim victory.
The US unemployment rate dropped to 8.4% in August (down from 10.2% in July) and although initial unemployment claims remain elevated, it is estimated that about 48% of the jobs lost during March and April have been recovered in the past four months.
Retail sales in the Eurozone rose by an annualised 0.6% in July, less than June’s 1.5%. Inflation expectations have been dampened with an early estimate of consumer prices showing inflation of minus 0.2% in August – the first decline since May 2016, pressuring the European Central Bank to increase stimulus further. Additionally, the euro’s strength is worrying policymakers, who warned that continuing appreciation would weigh on exports and slow down the economic recovery. The euro briefly rallied in the fortnight to more than US $1.20 for the first time since 2018.
Today sees the last US Federal Reserve interest rate decision before the pending US election. Expectations are that forward guidance on interest rates will not change and that the current asset purchase program will remain in place to provide monetary accommodation. The Bank of England and Bank of Japan monetary decisions are to follow on Thursday.
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Stanhope Capital Fortnightly Bulletin – Period ending 15 January 202115 January 2021
Tactical Positioning In our last bulletin, we pointed out that vast stimuli and high household savings were a clear positive for equity markets but that the rally into the year-end discounted a fair amount of good news. Although markets are generally higher, the first two weeks of 2021 have seen profit taking in several sectors […]Read more
Stanhope Capital Fortnightly Bulletin – Period ending 31 December 202031 December 2020
Tactical Positioning As you will see from the table below, markets finished 2020 with a flourish. Looking into 2021, we see two key positive factors. The first is that the monetary and fiscal support supplied by central banks and governments, which helped stock markets in 2020, will continue. Second, household savings have grown over the […]Read more